Destination guide Brazil

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Climate

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BRASIL IS THE WORLD S LARGEST TROPICAL COUNTRY. ONCE 93PCT
OF THE TERRITORY IS LOCATED IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE, THE
SEASONS ARE THE DIRECT OPPOSITE OF THOSE IN EUROPE OR IN
THE UNITED STATES. WHEN IT IS WINTER IN THE NORTHERN
HEMISPHERE, IT IS SUMMER IN BRASIL AND VICE-VERSA. CLIMATE
RANGES FROM THE TYPICALLY TROPICAL NORTH, WHERE IT NEVER
GETS COLD, TO A MORE TEMPERATE CLIMATE IN THE SOUTH, WHERE
THERE IS EVEN SNOW IN WINTER, WITH ALL SORTS OF SUB-TROPICAL
VARIATIONS IN BETWEEN. ON AVERAGE, TEMPERATURE DURING SUMMER
RANGES FROM 25C TO 40C /75F TO 100F/. THE CLIMATE IN BRASIL
IS DIVIDED INTO:

- HUMID TROPICAL: OCCURS THROUGHOUT AMAZONIA /INCLUDING THE
WEST OF MARANHAO AND THE NORTH OF MATO GROSSO/, EXCEPT IN
THE NORTHEST OF PARA AND AMAZONAS AND THE EAST OF RORAIMA.
SUCH CLIMATE IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE ABSENCE OF DRY SEASON,
HIGH RAIN LEVELS /AROUND 3.000MM A YEAR/ AND VERY HIGH
HUMIDITY AND NEBULOSITY WITH LITTLE THERMIC AMPLITUDE /EVEN
LESS THAN THE VARIATION BETWEEN DAY AND NIGHT/. THE TYPICAL
VEGETATION OF THIS TYPE OF CLIMATE IS THE EQUATORIAL FOREST.

- EQUATORIAL: COVERS THE NORTHWEST OF AMAZONIA AND IS
SIMILAR TO THE HUMID TROPICAL CLIMATE BUT THE RAIN IS
BETTER DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. THE PREDOMINANT
VEGETATION IS THE EQUATORIAL FOREST.

- DRY TROPICAL: CHARACTERIZED BY RAINY SEASON /WITH HIGH
RAINY LEVELS/ IN THE SUMMER AND DRY SEASON IN WINTER.
THIS CLIMATE COVERS THE BIGGEST PART OF THE COUNTRY /NORTH
OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL, SOUTH OF MATO GROSSO, NORTH OF SAO PAULO,
WEST, NORTH & EAST OF MINAS GERAIS, ALL THE COAST FROM RIO DE
JANEIRO TO BAHIA, PART OF CEARA, WEST OF PIAUI, EAST OFMARANHAO,
NORTHWEST OF PARA & EAST OF RORAIMA. DUE TO THE BIG AREA COVERED,
THE RAIN TOTALS AS WELL AS THE RAINY AND THE DRY SEASONS VARY.
THE RAIN AVERAGE GOES FROM 1.300 TO 1.600MM AND THE TYPICAL
VEGETATION IS THE "CERRADO".

- SEMI-DRY: FOUND IN THE BACKWOODS OF THE NORTHEAST, IT SPREADS
OUT TO THE COAST & IS CHARACTERIZED BY LOW NEBULOSITY, HEAVY
INSOLATION, HIGH EVAPORATION LEVEL & HIGH TEMPERATURE AVERAGE/
AROUND 27 CELSIUS/. THE RELATIVE AIR HUMIDITY IS NORMALLY LOW
& THE RAIN, WHICH IS NOT MUCH /FROM 250MM TO 600MM A YEAR/,
CONCENTRATES IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, CAUSING TORRENTIAL
FLOODS. EVEN DURING RAINY TIME, ITS DITRIBUTION IS IRREGULAR,
WHICH MAKES THE RAIN NOT TO FALL DOWN FOR SOME YEARS & LEADS
TO DROUGHT. THE TYPICAL VEGETATION OF THIS TYPE OF CLIMATE IS
THE "CAATINGA". THE ORIENTAL COAST OF THE NORTHEAST IS MARKED
BY THE ABSENCE OF SUMMER RAIN & ITS OCCURANCE IN WINTER WHICH
CORRESPONDS TO THE RAINY SEASON & NOT TO THE WINTER ITSELF/,
WITH RAINY LEVELS AROUND 1.600MM A YEAR.

- ALTITUDE TROPICAL: OCCURS IN THE CENTER AND SOUTH OF
MINAS GERAIS, CENTER OF SAO PAULO, SOUTH OF MATO GROSSO
DO SUL, NORTH OF PARANA AND MOUNTAIN REGIONS OF THE EAST
OF RIO DE JANEIRO AND ESPIRITO SANTO. IT PRESENTS MILD
SUMMER AND ANUAL THERMIC AVERAGES AROUND 22 DEGREES. THE
TYPICAL VEGETATION IS THE SEMI-HUMID FOREST.

- SUBTROPICAL: COVERING THE EXTREME SOUTHEAST OF MATO
GROSSO DO SUL, SOUTH OF SAO PAULO, ALMOST THE WHOLE
PARANA, THE WHOLE SANTA CATARINA AND RIO GRANDE DO SUL.
THERE IS PLENTIFUL OF RAIN /FROM 1.800 TO 2.400MM/, WHICH
IS DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE YEAR AND THE SEASONS ARE WELL
CHARACTERIZED. ON THE HIGHER REGIONS, SNOW PRECIPITATIONS
ARE COMMON. THE "ARAUCARIA" WOODS AND THE FIELDS ARE THE
TYPICAL VEGETATION.

IN RELATION TO DRESSING, LINENS AND LIGHT WEIGHT COTTONS
PLUS WATERPROOF CLOTHING ARE RECOMMENDED FOR THE RAINY SEASON.
FOR THE WINTER MONTHS, IN THE SOUTH, MEDIUM WEIGHT CLOTHING
IS SUGGESTED. TROPICAL SUITS ARE A MUST.

HERE YOU FIND THE TEMPERATURES AVERAGES /MINIMUM, MEDIUM
AND MAXIMUM/, EXPRESSED IN FARENHEIT, FOR SOME BRAZILIAN
CITIES. THE DATA SHOWN ON THE FOLLOWING TABLE WERE KINDLY
PROVIDED BY THE "INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE METEOROLOGIA".


-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
/ //////////// F A R E N H E I T ////////////
/ ///JAN////FEB////MAR////APR////MAY////JUN//
/ MINIMUM / 70.52/ 71.24/ 69.26/ 64.94/ 60.08/ 56.12/
/ MEDIUM / 75.74/ 76.46/ 74.66/ 70.52/ 65.30/ 62.06/
/ MAXIMUM / 82.40/ 83.12/ 81.50/ 77.72/ 73.40/ 69.62/
FLN / ///////////////////////////////////////////
/ ///JUL////AUG////SEP////OCT////NOV////DEC//
/ MINIMUM / 55.94/ 57.20/ 59.18/ 62.42/ 65.48/ 68.54/
/ MEDIUM / 61.34/ 62.42/ 63.50/ 67.28/ 70.70/ 72.50/
/ MAXIMUM / 68.72/ 69.26/ 70.16/ 73.22/ 76.64/ 79.88/
-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
/ //////////// F A R E N H E I T ////////////
/ ///JAN////FEB////MAR////APR////MAY////JUN//
/ MINIMUM / 73.94/ 74.30/ 73.94/ 71.42/ 68.72/ 65.66/
/ MEDIUM / 79.16/ 79.70/ 78.80/ 76.10/ 73.40/ 70.70/
/ MAXIMUM / 85.46/ 86.36/ 84.92/ 82.04/ 79.52/ 77.36/
RIO / ///////////////////////////////////////////
/ ///JUL////AUG////SEP////OCT////NOV////DEC//
/ MINIMUM / 65.12/ 66.02/ 66.56/ 68.36/ 70.52/ 72.32/
/ MEDIUM / 70.34/ 71.24/ 71.24/ 73.04/ 75.56/ 77.36/
/ MAXIMUM / 77.54/ 78.08/ 77.00/ 78.80/ 81.32/ 83.46/
-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
/ //////////// F A R E N H E I T ////////////
/ ///JAN////FEB////MAR////APR////MAY////JUN//
/ MINIMUM / 65.66/ 65.84/ 64.76/ 61.34/ 56.84/ 54.32/
/ MEDIUM / 71.78/ 72.32/ 71.06/ 67.46/ 63.68/ 61.70/
/ MAXIMUM / 81.14/ 82.40/ 80.96/ 77.18/ 73.40/ 71.24/
SAO / ///////////////////////////////////////////
/ ///JUL////AUG////SEP////OCT////NOV////DEC//
/ MINIMUM / 53.06/ 55.04/ 57.02/ 59.54/ 61.88/ 63.86/
/ MEDIUM / 60.44/ 62.78/ 64.04/ 66.20/ 68.54/ 69.98/
/ MAXIMUM / 71.24/ 73.94/ 75.02/ 76.64/ 78.62/ 79.34/
-----/---------/------/------/------/------/------/------/
AccommodationAttractionsClimateEventsFood and drinkGeographical description
Global time zoneHealthPublic holidaysQuickfacts
ShoppingSocial hintsTippingTravel-Internal

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