Destination guide Venezuela

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Geographical description

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VENEZUELA IS SITUATED IN THE NORTHERN AREA OF SOUTH
AMERICA, COVERING AN AREA OF 912,050SQ KM. THE COUNTRY IS
BORDERED BY COLOMBIA TO THE WEST, BY GUYANA TO THE EAST, BY
BRAZIL TO THE SOUTH AND FINALLY BY THE CARIBBEAN SEA TO THE
NORTH AND THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO THE NORTHEAST. IT IS
POSSIBLE TO DIVIDE THE COUNTRY INTO THREE GEOGRAPHICAL
REGIONS: THE LLANOS PLAINS; THE GUIANA HIGHLANDS AND THE
COASTAL PLAINS AND THE MOUNTAINS.

THE LLANOS PLAINS ARE SITUATED IN CENTRAL VENEZUELA AND
COVER ABOUT ONE THIRD OF THE COUNTRY. THESE PLAINS ARE
LOW-LYING GRASSLANDS. THE GUIANA HIGHLANDS, MAY BE FOUND IN
THE SOUTHEAST. THESE HIGHLANDS ARE RUGGED AND MADE UP OF
GRANITE COMPOSITION. THE HIGHLANDS CONTAIN MORE THAN 40
PER CENT OF VENEZUELA.

THE COASTAL PLAINS AND MOUNTAINS ARE LOCATED IN THE NORTH.
THEY CONTAIN THE ANDES RANGES, A LOWER MOUNTAIN SYSTEM AND
THE COASTAL MOUNTAINS OF THE CORDILLERA DE LA COSTA. IN THE
NORTHWEST LIES A SHALLOW FRESHWATER LAKE. THIS LAKE IS
NAMED MARACAIBO AND COVERS 12,769SQ KM. THE LAKE IS
ENCIRCLED BY LOWLAND SWAMPS.

VENEZUELA HAS ONE ACTIVE VOLCANO, THIS IS THE SANARE. THIS
LAST ERUPTED IN 1927. MOUNTAIN HEIGHTS REACH UP 5007M IN
THE ANDES, TO 2926M IN THE GUIANA HIGHLANDS AND TO 2764M IN
THE CORDILLERA DE LA COSTA.

THE ORINOCO RIVER, FLOWING FOR 2080KM. THIS DRAINS THE
LLANOS AND THE GUIANA HIGHLANDS AND FLOWS THROUGH MANY
TRIBUTARIES TO THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. ANGEL FALLS IS THE
HIGHEST WATERFALL IN THE WORLD AT 1005M.
AccommodationAttractionsClimateEventsFood and drinkGeographical description
Global time zoneHealthPublic holidaysQuickfacts
ShoppingSocial hintsTippingTravel-Internal

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