Destination guide Spain

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Geographical description

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SPAIN IS SITUATED IN SOUTH WEST EUROPE COVERING AN AREA
OF 504,788 SQ KM AND OCCUPYING PART OF THE IBERIAN
PENINSULA. BORDERED BY FRANCE TO THE NORTHEAST, BY THE
MEDITERRANEAN SEA ON THE EAST AND SOUTH, PORTUGAL TO WEST
ALONG WITH THE ATLANTIC OCEAN.
ALSO INCLUDED ARE THE ARCHIPELAGOS OF THE BALEARIC ISLANDS
IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND THE CANARY ISLANDS IN THE ATLANTIC.

SPAIN'S MAIN GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURE IS THE MESETA, A BIG
CENTRAL PLATEAU RISING TO APPROXIMATELY 600M. THE
PLATEAU IS ALMOST COMPLETELY ENCLOSED BY MOUNTAIN RANGES
INCLUDING THE SISTEMA IBERICO, CORDILLERA CANTABRICA,
SIERRA MORENA, THE PYRENEES, THE CENTRAL MOUNTAIN
AND A FEW LOWER MOUNTAIN RANGES. MULHACEN IS THE HIGHEST
MOUNTAIN PEAK ON THE SPANISH MAINLAND, AND IS LOCATED IN THE SOUTH.

FIVE NATURAL AREAS SURROUND THE CENTRAL PLATEAU;
VALENCIA'S COASTAL REGION TO THE EAST, THE RIO EBRO
VALLEY IN THE NORTHEAST, CATALONIA'S ALPINE REGION, THE
GUADALQUIVIR RIVER VALLEY TO THE SOUTH AND THE MOUNTAIN
REGION OF NORTHERN SPAIN STRETCHING FROM THE PYRENEES TO
THE ATLANTIC OCEAN.

SPAIN HAS SIX MAIN RIVERS: THE GUADALQUIVIR, THE DUERO,
THE EBRO, THE GUADIANA, THE MINO, AND THE TAJO (TAGUS) .

THE CANARIES: THE SEVEN VOLCANIC ISLANDS OF THIS ARCHIPEL-
AGO (GRAN CANARIA, LANZAROTE, FUERTEVENTURA, EL HIERRO
LA PALMA, LA GOMERA, AND TENERIFE) LIE IN THE ATLANTIC
OFF THE COAST OF AFRICA.
THEY ARE PREDOMINANTLY VOLCANIC/MOUNTAINOUS AND REACH
THEIR HIGHEST POINT WITH THE TEIDE PEAK ON THE ISLAND OF
TENERIFE. THIS 3,718M PEAK IS THE HIGHEST POINT IN THE
WHOLE OF SPAIN AND IS SNOW CAPPED THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.
A CABLE CAR EXISTS FROM THE PARQUE NACIONAL DE LAS
CANADAS TO THE PEAK OF TEIDE BUT IS NOT OPERATING AT
PRESENT.

POPULAR CITIES:
MADRID | BARCELONA | VALENCIA | SEVILLA | TENERIFE
AccommodationAttractionsClimateEventsFood and drinkGeographical description
Global time zoneHealthPublic holidaysQuickfacts
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